25 Jan 2018


There are many web technologies from simple to complex, and explaining in detail is beyond the scope of this article. However, this article is only focused on the basics of web technology, whereby even a layman will be able to gain little insight on what web technology is about. It will also give you a basic understanding of the various aspect of web languages such as; HTML, ASP, JAVASCRIPT, CGI, and Server configuration.

To gain access to the internet, people use a browser, there are different browsers used by people, the most popular are Netscape Navigator, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Internet Explorer and Google Chrome. Web browser works by connecting over the internet via modem or ISBN via a server or ISP to remote machines; however, the web browser uses a special language called HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol). The remote machine containing the document runs the HTTP server.

‘‘Web technology refers to the means by which computers communicate with each other using marked up languages and multimedia packages. It gives way to interact with hosted information like websites. Web technology involves the use of hypertext marked up language (HTML) and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).’’

One should know that computers don’t communicate with each other the way humans do, instead, the computer requires codes or directions. These binary codes allow computers to process useful information. Every second, billions of one and zero are processed in order to provide you with the information you need.

The methods by which computers communicate with each other through the use of marked-up languages and multimedia packages are known as Web Technology. Web technology has undergone a dramatic change from a marked-up web page to the ability to carry out very specific work on a network without interruption.

Network are two or more connected computers that communicate by using the same communication method. While internet network is a network of networks that communicate by using the same communication methods. The various communication method includes the following;

  • Browsing to google.com = HTTP
  • Sending an email to your friends = POP3
  • Uploading a file to a server = FTP
  • Sending a chat message on Facebook = XMPP
  • Doing internet banking = HTTPS
  • Calling your friend on skype = SKYPE


Client                                                         Server

HTML                                                          PHP

JavaScript                                                   Python

CSS                                                             Java

Flash                                                           Node.js

To understand the simple basics of web technology, one should know that web technology is a mechanism that allows two or more computing devices to communicate over a network. For instance, in an office setting a number of computers and other added devices such as a printer may be connected via the network, allowing for easy and proper transmission of information.

In summary, the process involved in web technology are complex and diverse, which is why major businesses employ a sector to tackle the issue, as a result, web technology has revolutionized and made operations far more efficient.


Article By: Busayo Tomoh

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