E-leaning focuses on usage of technology in the field of education and learning. E learning refers to the use of advanced technology of information communication in the learning process where the advanced technology comprises of electronic media.
The Information and communications technology (ICT) revolution has led to many radical changes across communities such that ICT is today a luxury but as an urgent necessity. Schofield et al. (1997) predict that the real impact of the ICT revolution is to be seen not behind, but ahead of us. E-learning is possibly the most important development in the educational world today.
E-learning is a new dimension in education, which helps to guide decision makers, educators, learners and the wider society so that they can step beyond simple opinions about e-learning’s usefulness and base their judgments on systematic assessments of its effectiveness. The theory and application of ICT attracts systematic methods through inter-related theories in technology, psychology and education to develop its bases, principles, and applications for higher education.
Originally, e-learning focuses on study based on the network or internet. But practically, the multimedia learning is included under e-learning. At the abstract level, e-learning refers to use of electronic media in the field of study, and in a more specific way, it deals with education carried out using internet. Since e-learning is user friendly and easy to interact, hence its use is now preferred at a global level. The basic principle of e-learning is the Construction Principle Theory, which came into existence after the emergence of network and multimedia. In the present scenario, knowledge changes rapidly, hence scientific knowledge is not sufficient enough to suit the requirements of the changing times.
Components of E-Learning
A vital component of e-learning is the resource storehouse. Development of the study resources of e-learning consist of two partial contents. One is of curriculum resources storehouse, while the other one is of learning resources storehouse. The curriculum resources include classes for text, sound frequency, 3D simulation, and three point screens. The learning resource provides the study content to facilitate informal learning. Learning resource storehouse includes case store, trial question bank, and seminar arena. All these resources help in studying the online curriculum. These two contents support education training in a combined and inseparable manner.
E-Learning Support System
The technical support system for e-learning includes 4 aspects, which are the infrastructure, the platform, the management system and the supporting software and tools. The network infrastructure comprises of database, distributed resources, visualization technique, grid technology and a high speed network. The main components of e-learning platform are application platform and infrastructure of network. The management aspect involves managing the online curriculum, the resources and the process of learning. Some of the supporting tools and software are documents editing tool, media processing tool, the software for courseware manufacture and many more.
The present century is the century of digitalization and informationization. E-learning supports the widespread use of educational training. E-learning has various advantages over the traditional techniques of learning and is superior. E-learning is the most convenient way to pursue a degree in higher education. A lot of these students are attracted to a flexible, self-paced method of education to attain their degree.