Information and communication technology (ICT) has become, within a very short time, one of the basic building blocks of modern society. Many countries now regard understanding ICT and mastering the basic skills and concepts of ICT as part of the core of education, alongside reading, writing, and numeracy. The use of ICT has fundamentally changed the practices and procedures of nearly all forms of endeavor within business and governance and has caused many structural changes such as reorganizing of economics, globalization, and trade extension, which leads to capital flows and enhancing information availability.
The use of ICT in education lends itself to more student-centered learning settings. But with the world moving rapidly into digital media and information, the role of ICT in education is becoming more and more important and this importance will continue to grow and develop in the 21st century. A great deal of research has proven the benefits of ICT to the quality of education. ICTs have the potential to innovate, accelerate, enrich, and deepen skills, to motivate and engage students, to help relate school experience to work practices, create economic viability for tomorrow’s workers, as well as strengthening teaching and helping schools change.
Improving the quality of education and training is a critical issue, particularly at a time of educational expansion. ICTs can enhance the quality of education in several ways: by increasing learner motivation and engagement, by facilitating the acquisition of basic skills, and by enhancing teacher training. ICTs are also transformational tools which when used appropriately, can promote the shift to a learner-centered environment. ICTs such as videos, television and multimedia computer software that combine text, sound, and colorful, moving images can be used to provide challenging and authentic content that will engage the student in the learning process. The teachers strongly felt that the visual-aural combination if integrated judiciously with the textbook and syllabus can work wonders in getting across abstract concepts and logic to the children in a short span of time. The potential of each technology varies according to how it is used.
The followings are the aim and objectives of ICT implementation in education:
1) To implement the principle of life-long learning/education.
2) To increase a variety of educational services and medium/method.
3) To promote equal opportunities to obtain education and information.
4) To develop a system of collecting and disseminating educational information.
5) To promote technology literacy of all citizens, especially for students.
6) To develop distance education with national contents.
7) To promote the culture of learning at school (development of learning skills, expansion of optional education, open source of education, etc.)
8) To promote the culture of learning at school (development of learning skills, expansion of optional education, open source of education, etc.)