Education is the mirror of society and the seed of socioeconomic development. It transforms people from ignorance to enlightenment, from shades of social backwardness to social improvement light, and a nation from underdevelopment to faster social and economic development. In rural development, education, economic development, physical and social infrastructure play a major role. Rural development is also characterized by its focus on economic development strategies that are produced locally. Rural areas are highly distinctive from each other as opposed to urban regions, which have many similarities. This is why a wide variety of approaches to rural development are being used globally.
Rural development actions are primarily aimed at rural areas social and economic development. The term is not limited to developing countries because indeed, many developed countries have very active programs for rural development. Rural government policy’s main objective should be to develop undeveloped villages and locally controlled, practical, applied, problem-solving and focused on functional specialization must be the education that contributes to rural development. Education is essential for growth and development and serves as a critical index for measuring development agenda’s progress.
It is therefore necessary to make deliberate efforts to develop the education sector, especially in rural areas, providing infrastructure and facilities for education, sustainable curriculum and policies, hiring more teaching staff, and strengthening supervisory functions on educational facilities and student scholarships. Education is the most powerful tool for poverty reduction, ensuring peace and stability, and advancing a people. Education has a desirable control over rural individual, family, community, and society development, leading to poverty reduction, income equity, and controlled unemployment. Education plays a key role in supply, production, marketing, staff maintenance, education, health care, and governance systems in rural areas. Education functions include bringing about social change, improving individual social status and living standards, activating participation in rural and cultural development, increasing rural people’s critical ability to diagnose their needs, asserting their rights and taking greater control of decisions affecting their lives, providing skilled labor in rural areas, linking rural and urban areas.
Urban rather than rural needs-oriented education can do more harm than good by accelerating rural migration to urban migration, generating youth unemployment, and leaving students unfit to succeed in a rural environment. In Nigeria, education has been adopted by the federal government as a tool to drive national development in all areas of the nation. Education in these places is characterized, among other things, by very poor infrastructure, insufficient teachers, insecurity, and worker non-payment. It is common knowledge that a majority of the population live in rural areas in developing countries, which are largely neglected by the government even when it comes to any form of development, including education.
Despite the fact that rural Nigerian residents are usually not properly targeted in government development activities, the wealth of the nation is derived from country-wide rural areas. Crude oil, calcareous, coal, among other resources that the country possesses, are heavily deposited in rural areas. Nigeria’s underdevelopment was linked to the lack of rural development. A view states that no serious, active, conscious, sensitive and organized government would want rural communities to be neglected. Rural neglect brings negative consequences, such as the exodus of rural residents to urban areas, with the resulting problems of unemployment, crime, prostitution, child labour, insecurity, money laundering, bribery, poverty, proliferation of shanty living spaces, disease spread, and excessive infrastructure and facilities in urban areas.
–The provision and expansion of educational facilities is necessary to ensure that education reaches the door of every (Nigerian) child;
–The need to revise and reform of the content of general education to make it more responsive to the country’s socioeconomic needs;
–Development and consolidation of higher education nationwide in response to the country’s manpower needs;
– Developing technological education in order to meet the growing needs of the nation.