Social media has become increasingly essential to our online experience. The Internet is a rich resource for teaching and learning, the worldwide web into daily life brought new and important implications also for education. Most of the schools and educational systems started providing extensive computer networks for their students and these are increasingly becoming main components of the teaching and learning environment, little is known about the effectiveness and use of these technologies, being able to constantly stay in touch with the rest of the world by whatever means possible is unarguably one of the desires of humanity, regardless of status or beliefs consequently made Information and Communication Technology (ICT) a tool of choice in the hands of every individual towards salvaging this desire.
Although ICT and social media are conceptually different, they are intertwined and inextricably connected and they converge when mobilized as resources for or employed as means in social change, a process that entails altering social patterns of a society, which can involve economic development, political progress, cultural change, social revolution, etc. ICT is increasingly recognized as the strongest change means humanity has at its disposal. In the recent years, advances in ICT have heralded a major transformation in human communication, giving rise to new trends of media for social communication. Situated at one of the latest of several waves of digital media, social media have introduced new communication patterns, diversified communication content, and format, created new forms of expression, fostered freedom, and stimulated a wide participation which has widened the scope of knowledge sharing and collaboration and allowed citizens from diverse walks of life to have an opportunity to effect changes, convey their views and challenge social norms, thus promoting democracy.
The continuous advancements of this information age and the revolution in mobile phones, wireless internet, Bluetooth, GPS and all their associated applications have influenced the way people interact with each other and with their surrounded physical space which raises questions about the impact of these technologies on the usage and act of communication within public space and how can urban planners create a new kind of livable, attractive, safe and sustainable public space with a fluid hi-technology infrastructure. Online chatting and conferencing are approaches for synchronous communication amongst teachers and students. Some learning management systems have built-in text-based and/or video-based chatting and conferencing facilities. The instant messaging software also enables teachers to organize online chatting and conferencing sessions.
Also, e-Learning content authoring software/tools help teachers and/or e-learning designers organize their instructional materials (e.g., text, pictures, voice, etc.) and create and deliver compelling interactive self-paced courses. The outcomes of using this kind of tools are usually flash files that can be published online. Students are usually asked to go to a web link and watch the presentation in which there are interactive simulations (e.g., small games, quizzes, etc.).
Using social media is about leaderless social movements leading social change, it is the public will mobilization and spheres, as spread through new media outlets and platforms that pave the way for political change. As an emerging phenomenon, social media are media for social interaction and the technology is constantly developing in a rapid race, so are the applications and services that become utilized in everyone’s daily life. Contacting with friends, organizing meetings, buying things and much more daily activities are happening now online. The new media and information technologies have an impact on many aspects of everyday life at work, home or leisure.