Health education is one health promotion tool that aims to help people develop and use health-enhancing skills. Health education is often very clear and measurable and can often involve educational programs, events and community or individual sessions to build skills. Health education is part of health promotion, but there is more to health promotion than health education. Health education is a social science that draws from the biological, economic, psychological, physical, and medical sciences to promote health and prevent disease, disability, and premature death by voluntary behavior change programs guided by education.
Health Education may also be said to be the implementation of adult, group, institutional, society, and structural approaches to enhance awareness, attitudes, skills, and behaviour. The aim of health education is to positively impact individuals and communities ‘ health behaviour, as well as the living and working environments that affect their wellbeing. Health education focuses mainly on increasing awareness of the prevalent disease and its prevention strategies or educating people about their condition and encouraging them to take care of their wellbeing. Health education includes mainly computerized graphic imagery that helps people better understand their illness and preventive steps.
Health education approaches are distinguished by:
• Participation of the target population.
• Completion of community needs assessment to determine capability, resources, goals and needs of the community.
• Scheduled learning events which will increase the awareness and skills of the participants.
• Implementation of programs with integrated, well-planned curricula and materials in a participant-friendly setting.
• Presentation of audiovisual and computer-based information, such as slides and projectors, videos, books, CDs, posters, images, websites, or software programs.
• Ensuring system personnel expertise to ensure adherence to the programme’s layout through preparation.
WHY IS HEALTH IMPORTANT EDUCATION?
• Health education strengthens individuals, families, economies, states and the nation’s health status.
• Health education offers all people a better quality of life.• An education in safety decreases premature deaths.
• By focusing on prevention, health education decreases costs (both financial and human) expended on medical care by patients, employers, families, insurance providers, medical services, neighborhoods, the state and the community.
WHO PROVIDES HEALTH EDUCATION
• Many people specialize in health education (trained and/or accredited experts in health education); Others undertake specified tasks in health education as part in their primary obligation (medical care, nursing, social work, physical therapy, oral hygiene, etc.). Lay staff learn to do unique, minimal instructional activities on the job to promote healthy behaviour.
Para-practitioners and health professionals from other fields are not familiar with the broad body of expertise, skills, hypotheses and studies in health education, nor are they specifically involved in or focused on professional development; This will restrict their efficiency and cost-effectiveness with clients and communities.
• Specialized health care requires intensive research. More than 250 universities and colleges in the US offer undergraduate and graduate degrees (Masters and Doctorate) in school or community health education, health promotion and other similar names.
• Voluntary certification as a Professional Health Education Practitioner nationally.
• CHES competencies (health education needs assessment; program preparation, execution and evaluation; service coordination; and health education needs, concerns, resource communication) are similar to health education practice, whether it happens in schools, universities, workplaces, medical care settings, public health settings or other community educational settings. CHES is recertified every five years, based on participation data in 75 hours of approved continuing education. Types include;
• Health educators teach health as a subject in schools, and promote and implement coordinated school health programs, including health services, education for students, staff and parents, and promote healthy school environments and school-community partnerships. They develop teaching methods and materials at the school district level; coordinate, promote and evaluate programs; and write proposals for funding.
• Working on a college / university campus, health care educators are part of a team working to create an environment where students feel empowered to make healthy choices and create a caring community. They recognize needs; promote and mobilize community; teach whole courses or individual classes; create social media campaigns; and train peer educators, counsellors, and/or advocates. They tackle concerns related to prevention of diseases; public, economic, emotional, sexual health; first aid, protection and preparedness for disasters; prevention of drug abuse; human growth and development; and diet and eating problems. They will handle the grants and carry out research.
• Medical educators administer or organize workplace training as well as education programs, safety risk evaluations of workers and wellness screenings in businesses. They plan, encourage, lead and/or review weight control programs, obesity, diet, prevention of substance abuse, physical fitness, stress reduction, and cessation of smoking; produce instructional materials; and write grants for money to fund these initiatives. They help companies meet the occupational health and safety requirements, collaborate with the media, and recognize employees ‘ community health tools.
• In health care environments, health educators educate patients on medical practices, processes, facilities and treatment interventions, establish programs and opportunities to enable high-risk patients to use facilities; provide training for personnel and collaborate with other health care professionals on mental, cultural or social obstacles to health; facilitate self-care; implement patient development initiatives.
• Health educators help a group identify its needs in civic groups and government agencies, draw on its problem-solving skills and leverage its resources to create, encourage, execute and assess initiatives to enhance its own health status. Health educators organize and reach out to the community, grant, create coalitions, advocate and establish, produce and review health campaigns in the mass media.