Citizens committed to a sustainable way of life shoulder a life-long responsibility to develop new and sustainable working practices and working environments at every stage of their lives and in every task that they meet. In reality, they are able to weigh the economic, social and cultural effects of their choices globally and in their immediate environment. Citizens form a society in which people’s physical, psychological, social, cultural and economic well-being are looked after without depleting natural resources or natural diversity nor without overloading nature’s delicate balance.
Education is a human right and like other human rights, it cannot and shouldn’t be taken for granted. Usually, the concept of education has meant “The transmission of knowledge with training purposes of adult generations to younger ones” (Piaget 1980, p. 129). Political education, for example, is actualized in the family, school and out of school contexts. Also, the factor for success in education is the sharing of a study that will promote the individual and the how these individuals, pursue these views. Likewise, the level of education of an individual is influencing not only the growth of that country but also her economic productivity. The pressure of an economy on the labour market may change the individuals’ options in choosing their level of education. If there are some favourable situations, such as the attraction of foreign investments or high rates of investments in the country, the growing market then imposes pressure on the labour force which leads to a demand in more and more qualified labour force.
Moreso, it can’t be argued that a formal education is highly instrumental to the improvement of the productive capacity of a population and the national development. However, the improvement of the productive capacity of the human workforce, educational reform in this sense is a form of capital investment of a nation. It is contended that the two pre-conditions for economic growth and development in any nation are an investment in education and improvement in technology.
Furthermore, most states with a rapid growth in the number of persons they enrolled in schools have experienced a rising productivity and an improvement in the quality of the labour force in the country, many countries are seen with different policies to promote education so as to improve their development rate and improve citizen’s and national well being. In Nigeria for example, there is Universal Free and compulsory Education at the Primary level to eliminate illiteracy and for development of the country. The relationship between education and development has been established such that education is now internationally accepted as a key to development, this is why governments have made provision for its citizens to have access to education.
It could be categorically said that education is an investment in human capital, that is, in the skills and knowledge that produce a return to the individual in the form of higher earnings. The presence of educated workers in a region enhances the earnings of those who, regardless of their own educational level, work with or near educated workers. Lastly, the human mind makes possible all development achievements, from health, agricultural and public administration growth, for a country to really experience growth in these sectors and to reap their benefits, the tool to experiencing this is education.
Article by: Busayo Tomoh