13 May 2019

DEFINING EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY

Educational technology is an inclusive term for the tools that technologically or electronically support learning and teaching. Educational technology is not restricted to high technology.

 However, modern electronic educational technology has become an important part of society today. Technology Depending on whether a particular aspect, component or delivery method is given emphasis, a wide array of similar or overlapping terms has been used. As such, educational technology encompasses e-learning, instructional technology, information and communication technology (ICT) in education, EdTech, learning technology, multimedia learning, technology-enhanced learning (TEL), computer-based instruction (CBI), computer managed instruction, computer-based training (CBT), computer-assisted instruction or computer-aided instruction (CAI), Internet-based training (IBT), flexible learning, web-based training (WBT), online education, digital educational collaboration, distributed learning, computer-mediated communication, cyber-learning, and multi-modal instruction, virtual education, personal learning environments, networked learning,virtual learning environments (VLE) (which are also called learning platforms), m-learning, and digital education.

Every one of these numerous terms has had its advocates, who point up particular potential distinctions.

In practice, as technology has advanced, the particular “narrowly defined” aspect that was initially emphasized has blended into the general field of educational technology and e-learning.  As an example, “virtual learning” in a narrowly defined semantic sense implies entering the environmental simulation within a virtual world,  for example in treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).  In practice, a “virtual education course” refers to any instructional course in which all, or at least a significant portion, is delivered by the Internet.

“Virtual” is used in that broader way to describe a course that not taught in a classroom face-to-face but through a substitute mode that can conceptually be associated “virtually” with classroom teaching, which means that people do not have to go to the physical classroom to learn. Accordingly, virtual education refers to a form of distance learning in which course content is delivered by various methods such as course management applications, multimedia resources, and video conferencing. Students and instructors communicate via these technologies.

Bernard Luskin, an educational technology pioneer, advocated that the “e” of e-learning should be interpreted to mean “exciting, energetic, enthusiastic, emotional, extended, excellent, and educational” in addition to “electronic.” This broad interpretation focuses on new applications and developments, as well as learning theory and media psychology. Parks suggested that the “e” should refer to “everything, everyone, engaging, easy”

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