Technology integration is being increasingly used in instruction to improve teaching and learning. This rapid development of technology integration has presented a better pattern to find new teaching models. Consequently, it has a key role in learning and teaching language skills. The integration of technology to create a context to teach and learn English skills has a lot of advantages.
There are different views on the definition of technology integration. Technology integration is defined in terms of kinds of teachers’ computer use into the classes: low-level (e.g., learners performing Internet searches) or high-level use (e.g., learners performing multimedia presentations, collecting, and interpreting data for projects). Hennessy, Ruthven, and Brindley (2005) defined technology integration in terms of how teachers utilize technology to do familiar tasks more productively and how this utilization can re-shape these tasks.
Integration of Technology into the Classroom According to Dockstader (2008), there are some important reasons for integrating technology into the classes. They are as follows:
1) Through integrating technology, more depth into the content-area syllabus would be possible.
2) In the information age, there is an urgent need to learn technology.
3) Learners are motivated through technology that ultimately enhances academic engagement time.
4) Working in more depth with the content, learners can move beyond knowledge and comprehension to application and analysis of information.
5) Learners learn where to find information in an information-rich world.
6) Computer skills should not be taught in isolation.
7) Learners develop computer literacy by using different computer skills as part of the learning process.
There are two reasons that educational technologies assist in raising learners’ achievement. The first reason is that they perform a very good job of engaging the learners in the material.
The second one is that they get learners excited to take part in educational tasks. One of the basic advantages of integrating technology into the classes is that when they are applied suitably they can make learning more fun for the learners. If the learners have a lot of enjoyable materials they will be engaged in the lesson that will help them better understand the learning materials.
Furthermore, when the lessons are fun for the learners they will be more excited to take part. In order for teachers to integrate technology effectively, they should know how to appropriately use them and how to teach their learners to use them accurately.
Technology is a powerful contributor to learning if it is used to deepen students’ engagement in the meaningful and intellectually authentic curriculum. Technology is a tool. It should be selected when it is the best tool for students to learn. Technology can be a particularly effective tool for English language learners and can enhance the participation of children with disabilities. Children in elementary schools should begin to use familiar technology tools as a part of their academic program.
Teachers should model the use of technology in support of the curriculum so that children can see the appropriate use of technology and benefit from exposure to more advanced applications that they will use independently when they are older. Many studies have shown the advantages of using technology in classroom instruction. Technology can be used as a tool for establishing meaningful projects to engage students in critical thinking and problem-solving. Technology can be used to restructure and redesign the classroom to produce an environment that promotes the development of higher-order thinking skills. Technology also increases student collaboration. Collaboration is a highly effective tool for learning. Students cooperatively work together to either create projects or they can learn from each other by reading the work of their peers.